Some notes on Ten no kata (天の形)

As Ten no kata can be found in few books only, I provide the list of techniques according to Gichin Funakoshi "Karate-Dô Nyûmon. The Master Introductory Text". As I have already mentioned in Ten no kata (天の形), the photos of the original Japanese edition (1943) were replaced by the other ones in the English edition (1988). The photos in the English edition show Shôtôkai way of performing techniques, not Shôtôkan of Funakoshi Gichin!!!

Ten no kata consists of two parts: Ten no kata omote (omote - front) and Ten no kata ura (ura - back). Ten no kata omote consists of 10 movements and is performed without partner. Ten no kata ura consists of 6 movements and is performed with partner.

  Ten no kata omote:

1. shizentai; step forward migi fudô dachi chûdan oi zuki, return to shizentai, step forward hidari fudô dachi chûdan oi zuki, return to shizentai.

2. shizentai; step forward migi fudô dachi jôdan oi zuki, return to shizentai, step forward hidari fudô dachi jôdan oi zuki, return to shizentai.

3. shizentai; step forward hidari fudô dachi chûdan gyaku zuki, return to shizentai, step forward migi fudô dachi chûdan gyaku zuki, return to shizentai.

4. shizentai; step forward hidari fudô dachi jôdan gyaku zuki, return to shizentai, step forward migi fudô dachi jôdan gyaku zuki, return to shizentai.

5. shizentai; step back hidari fudô dachi gedan barai kara chûdan gyaku zuki, return to shizentai, step back migi fudô dachi gedan barai kara chûdan gyaku zuki, return to shizentai.

6. shizentai; step back hidari fudô dachi chûdan uchi uke kara chûdan gyaku zuki, return to shizentai, step back migi fudô dachi chûdan uchi uke kara chûdan gyaku zuki, return to shizentai.

7. shizentai; step back migi kôkutsu dachi chûdan shutô uke kara fudô dachi chûdan nukite, return to shizentai, step back hidari kôkutsu dachi chûdan shutô uke kara fudô dachi chûdan nukite, return to shizentai.

8. shizentai; step back migi kôkutsu dachi jôdan shutô barai kara fudô dachi jôdan gyaku zuki, return to shizentai, step back hidari kôkutsu dachi jôdan shutô barai kara fudô dachi jôdan gyaku zuki, return to shizentai.

9. shizentai; step back hidari fudô dachi age uke kara chûdan gyaku zuki, return to shizentai, step back migi fudô dachi age uke kara chûdan gyaku zuki, return to shizentai.

10. shizentai; step back hidari fudô dachi jôdan uchikomi (jôdan soto uke) kara chûdan gyaku zuki, return to shizentai, step back migi fudô dachi jôdan uchikomi (jôdan soto uke) kara chûdan gyaku zuki, return to shizentai.

  Ten no kata ura:

1. shizentai, step forward hidari zenkutsu dachi gedan barai - shizentai; gedan oi zuki - step back hidari fudô dachi (ai gamae) gedan barai kara chûdan gyaku zuki; step back shizentai - step forward shizentai; step forward migi zenkutsu dachi gedan barai - shizentai; gedan oi zuki - step back migi fudô dachi (ai gamae) gedan barai kara chûdan gyaku zuki; step back shizentai - step forward shizentai.

2. shizentai, step forward hidari zenkutsu dachi gedan barai - shizentai; chûdan oi zuki - step back hidari fudô dachi (ai gamae) chûdan uchi uke kara chûdan gyaku zuki; step back shizentai - step forward shizentai, step forward migi zenkutsu dachi gedan barai - shizentai; chûdan oi zuki - step back migi fudô dachi (ai gamae) chûdan uchi uke kara chûdan gyaku zuki; step back shizentai - step forward shizentai.

3. shizentai, step forward hidari zenkutsu dachi gedan barai - shizentai; chûdan oi zuki - step back migi kôkutsu dachi (ai gamae) chûdan shutô uke kara fudô dachi chûdan nukite; step back shizentai - step forward shizentai, step forward migi zenkutsu dachi gedan barai - shizentai; chûdan oi zuki - step back hidari kôkutsu dachi (ai gamae) chûdan shutô uke kara fudô dachi chûdan nukite; step back shizentai - step forward shizentai.

4. shizentai, step forward hidari zenkutsu dachi gedan barai - shizentai; jôdan oi zuki - step back migi kôkutsu dachi (ai gamae) jôdan shutô barai kara fudô dachi jôdan gyaku zuki; step back shizentai - step forward shizentai, step forward migi zenkutsu dachi gedan barai - shizentai; jôdan oi zuki - step back hidari kôkutsu dachi (ai gamae) jôdan shutô barai kara fudô dachi jôdan gyaku zuki; step back shizentai - step forward shizentai.

5. shizentai, step forward hidari zenkutsu dachi gedan barai - shizentai; jôdan oi zuki - step back hidari fudô dachi (ai gamae) age uke kara chûdan gyaku zuki; step back shizentai - step forward shizentai, step forward migi zenkutsu dachi gedan barai - shizentai; jôdan oi zuki - step back migi fudô dachi (ai gamae) age uke kara chûdan gyaku zuki; step back shizentai - step forward shizentai.

6. shizentai, step forward hidari zenkutsu dachi gedan barai - shizentai; jôdan oi zuki - step back hidari kôkutsu dachi (ai gamae) jôdan uchikomi (jôdan soto uke) kara chûdan gyaku zuki; step back shizentai - step forward shizentai, step forward migi zenkutsu dachi gedan barai - shizentai; jôdan oi zuki - step back migi kôkutsu dachi (ai gamae) jôdan uchikomi (jôdan soto uke) kara chûdan gyaku zuki; step back shizentai - step forward shizentai.

IMPORTANT!!! Please don't forget that opposite to, for example, zenkutsu dachi, migi kôkutsu dachi denotes a stance, where left leg is forward leg and right leg is back leg. Hidari kôkutsu dachi - right leg is forward leg and left leg is back leg. For reference see, for example, "Karate-Dô Kata" volumes 1 and 2 published by Japan Karate Association, Nakayama Masatoshi "Best Karate" series.